Material: Pine, Poplar, Oak, Cherry, Maple.
Janka Hardness (Higher = Harder): Pine: 420, Poplar: 540, Cherry & Maple: 950, Oak: 1290.
Density (lbs/cubic ft): Pine, Poplar = 30. Oak, Cherry, Maple = 45.
Moisture Content: All wood is dried to a 7-9% moisture content to minimize swelling and cracks.
All woods are all selected at furniture grade quality levels to ensure uniform characteristics and appearance for each wood type.
Pine: White Pine. White pine wood is straight-grained softwood with an even medium texture. It also tends to feature quite a few dark knots, as pine trees grow branches down almost the entire trunk of the tree. Most are familiar with white pine as a soft white color, sometimes with a touch of yellow to it. Pine is an economical material, stains nicely and, since our tables are already distressed, can be an excellent choice. Even furniture grade select white pine will have some knots that can bleed through surfaces, particularly with lighter colors. However, knots do add character to distressed wood tops. Bleed through on painted finishes can be avoided with a poplar, oak or maple top. Bleed through on stained finishes can be avoided with a maple or oak top.
Poplar: Poplar is one of the most common hardwoods in the United States. The wood is straight grained, uniform in texture and moderate to light weight. It has a medium density, machines and glues well. Pine is a softwood while poplar is a soft hardwood. There is really not much difference in the strength between pine and poplar. Poplar is better for painted finishes to avoid knots which can be present in pine.
Oak: When it comes to choosing hardwood for a custom table, many people consider oak. It’s a good choice as oak is one of the most durable types of wood as well as one of the most readily available. Forested throughout the U.S. Oak is also considered more environmentally friendly as it has a much lower carbon footprint than more exotic woods. It is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. The grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven and distinct texture and pattern. The wood is hard, tough and durable. It can be stained or painted but the grain will still be visible.
Cherry: Cherry is a hardwood with a fine, straight grain that ranges from reddish-brown to blond. It has medium density, with good wood bending properties, medium strength and shock resistance, but low stiffness, and can be steam bent with care. It resists warping and shrinking, even in the most humid environments. It is highly prized for furniture and interior joinery. Particularly good for detailing and carving, cherry is good for making such furniture for the home as armoires, dining room tables, nightstands, and dressers. Natural cherry wood does oxidize when exposed to UV lights, causing it to gradually darken over time. In most cases, 80% of the oxidation happens in the first year. If the wood is in a particularly sunny spot, most of this oxidation will likely occur in the first three months This color change is most noticeable with natural or light stain finishes.
Maple: Maple is strong, heavy, hard, straight-grained and fine textured. It is a light white hardwood that sometimes has a reddish tinge. One of the hardest wood species, maple is often chosen for heavy-use items, like dressers and kitchen cabinets. Along with cherry, walnut, and oak, maple is considered to be among the favorite hardwood choices for furniture building. Maple is generally considered to be very durable, and attractive when properly finished.
Options: 9 standard stains, 43 standard paints.
Stains: Furniture grade lacquer based cabinet stain.
Paints: Minimum of 2-3 coats of low/no VOC cabinet grade paint. Paints are LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified. In addition to the standard one color rubbed finish, 2 color and 3 color rubbed finishes are available.
Clear coat: All non-white paint and stained finishes include 3 coats of an ultra durable, natural, water based, low VOC polywhey clear coat. White paint colors receive 3 coats of an ultra durable, non-yellowing lacquer clear coat.
Custom Colors: Custom colors are available using either Sherwin Williams or Benjamin Moore paint colors. Please provide manufacturer, paint color number and paint name. Custom colors require an up charge.